Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)

Myelodysplastic syndromes are a group of disorders characterized by dysfunctional blood cell production in the bone marrow. In myelodysplastic syndrome the bone marrow does not produce enough healthy blood cells, leading to low blood cell count.

Symptoms: Fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, easy bruising or bleeding and increased risk of infection.

Diagnosis:  CBC, Peripheral Blood Smear Study, Bone marrow biopsy, cytogenetic analysis

Treatment: Supportive care (such as blood transfusions), chemotherapy, immunosuppressive therapy and stem cell transplantation. Early diagnosis and regular monitoring are important for managing and minimizing complications.