Lymphoma

Hodgkin’s lymphoma – Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. White blood cells called lymphocytes grow out of control causing swollen lymph nodes and growths in the body. Hodgkin’s lymphoma affects the body’s immune system.

Symptoms:  Painless swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, armpits or groin, fatigue, fever, night sweats, weight loss.

Diagnosis: PET / CT scan and Bone marrow biopsy

Treatment: Chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplant. Regular medical follow up is important for monitoring response to treatment and managing any potential side effects or complications

Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma – Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a type of cancer that begins in the lymphatic system. White blood cells called lymphocytes grow abnormally and can form growths in the body the cancer affects the immune system.

Symptoms: Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits or groin, abdominal pain or swelling, chest pain, coughing or trouble breathing, persistent fatigue, fever, night sweats, unexplained weight loss.

Diagnosis: PET / CT scan and Bone marrow biopsy

Treatment: Chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplant.

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) – Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is another type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. It’s the most common type and can occur at any age. DLBCL typically presents as rapidly growing masses in lymph nodes or other organs.

Symptoms: Enlarged lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, weight loss and pain.

Diagnosis: CBC, LDH, PET / CT scan

Treatment: R-CHOP is the most common treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It’s a combination drug treatment that includes three chemotherapy drugs, a targeted therapy drug and a steroid

Mantle cell lymphoma – Mantle cell lymphoma is a type of non-hodgkin lymphoma characterized by abnormal B cells. its typically affects older adults and is more common in men than women.

Symptoms: Painless swelling of lymph nodes particularly in the neck, and can also involve other organs such as the spleen, bone marrow and gastrointestinal tract.

Diagnosis: Biopsy, Colonoscopy, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy, CBC, LDH, PET / CT scan

Treatment: Intensive initial immunochemotherapy including autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation