Leukemia

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) – Acute myeloid leukemia is a type of cancer with rapid growth of abnormal white blood cells of the Myeloid Series.

Symptoms: Fatigue, fever easy bruising or bleeding and frequent infections.

Diagnosis:  CBC, Peripheral Blood Smear Study, Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy, Flowcytometry, Karyotyping. Molecular and Genomic Testing, Karyotyping.  

Treatment: Chemotherapy, Targeted therapy and stem cell transplantation. Early detection and treatment are crucial for better outcomes.

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) – Chronic myeloid leukemia is a type of cancer that starts in the blood forming cells of the bone marrow of the myeloid series. The bone marrow produces too many abnormal white blood cells. These cells gradually accumulate leading to overcrowding in the bone marrow.

Symptoms: Fatigue, Anemia, Night sweats, bleeding, pallor, shortness of breath, weight loss.

Diagnosis:  CBC, Peripheral Blood Smear Study, Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy, Flowcytometry, Karyotyping. Molecular and Genomic Testing.

Treatment:  chemotherapy, targeted therapy and stem cell transplantation

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) – Acute lymphocytic leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow. Its characterized by the overproduction of immature white blood cells.

Symptoms:  Bleeding from the gums, Bone pain, Fever, Frequent infections, Frequent or severe nosebleeds, Lumps caused by swollen lymph nodes in and around the neck, armpits, abdomen or groin, Pale skin, Shortness of breath, Weakness

Diagnosis:  CBC, Peripheral Blood Smear Study, Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy, Flowcytometry, Karyotyping. Molecular and Genomic Testing

Treatment: chemotherapy or stem cell transplant depending on the specific subtype and individual factors. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial for better outcomes

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) – chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow. it is characterized by the overproduction of abnormal lymphocytes. some people may not require immediate treatment. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia progresses slowly and progresses slowly.

Symptoms:  Enlarged but painless lymph nodes, Fatigue, Fever, Pain in the upper left portion of the abdomen, Night sweats, Weight loss, Frequent infections

Diagnosis:  CBC, Peripheral Blood Smear Study, Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy, Flowcytometry, Karyotyping. Molecular and Genomic Testing.

Treatment: Chemotherapy, Targeted therapy, immune therapy and stem cell transplant depending on the stage and individual factors. Regular monitoring and medical care are important for managing CLL and its symptoms.